The Romans brought new burial rites to Britain, although native practices still continued alongside them.
Under Roman law it was forbidden to bury bodies within the boundaries of a settlement, although a cluster of graves found in a small 2nd century settlement at Hibaldstow suggests that this law wasn’t always obeyed.
Bodies in the Early Roman period were usually cremated and buried under mounds, in disused pits and ditches or in cemeteries. By the Late Roman period burials in large cemeteries was common and personal items such as jewellery were used as grave goods.
Coffins were popular by the 2nd century. Poorer people were buried in wooden coffins with metal fittings, while the more well-off used coffins of stone or lead.